Hallux Rigidus

It’s a big problem when any of your joints become less flexible, but that’s especially true of the MTP, or big toe joint. MTP is short for metatarsophalangeal, which means the MTP joint connects the big toe to the rest of the foot, and “hallux rigidus” is the term used to describe a stiff big toe. When we walk, we push off the ground with the balls of our feet and rise onto our toes, making it crucial for the big toe joint to be flexible. If yours has been swelling, you should schedule an appointment with Mercer-Ocean Podiatry in northern New Jersey immediately. The MTP joint depends on its cartilage to move smoothly. That cartilage may be worn away through overuse, or it may deteriorate in response to rheumatoid arthritis or gout. Not everybody develops hallux rigidus, but people are at greater risk if their feet roll inward when they walk or their shoes don’t provide sufficient room for their toes to bend. If hallux rigidus is allowed to progress, the toe may develop a bone spur

Clipping Toenails

Clipping your toenails correctly is the key to avoiding an ingrown nail. But many people are misinformed about this basic aspect of footcare, and during the summer, people are paying more attention to their bare feet and wondering how to trim their nails correctly. If you’re diabetic, this may be something that you’ll always need to be cautious about, but for most people at Mercer-Ocean Podiatry in northern New Jersey, the following advice will keep their toes safe and presentable. It’s a good idea to have separate clippers for the toenails and fingernails. Toenail clippers are a little larger, and using separate clippers will reduce the spread of bacteria. The toenails should be clean when they’re cut, but unless they’re extremely thick, they shouldn’t be wet. A wet nail is at greater risk of tearing. As you cut, go straight across, using a few small trims. You don’t want your nails to be rounded off, or they’ll be at greater risk of growing into the skin and causing a hangnail. In

Sever's Disease

Do you recall suffering frequent heel pain as a child? If you do, that’s not unusual; children’s bones haven’t fully fused together, and they are more vulnerable to overuse injuries than adults. However, nobody likes seeing their child in pain, and if a child frequently suffers from sore heels, there may be a biomechanical issue at play. At Mercer-Ocean Podiatry, we assist patients of all ages, so we thought it would be a good idea to explain Sever’s Disease, a common source of childhood foot problems, in more detail. Sever’s disease, or calcaneal apophysitis, is inflammation of the growth plate connecting the back of the heel bone to the bone’s main body. The back of the heel bone is where the Achilles tendon, one of the strongest tendons in the body, attaches. When the calf muscles or the tendon itself are tight, the tendon will pull the heel up and backwards, causing soreness in the soft growth plate. The calf muscles are likely to tighten up after a person has been running and

Difference Between Ankle Sprains and Strains

If you love to exercise, you may or may not have already experienced ankle pain. Rolling your ankle while engaged in physical activity is the most common way to cause an ankle sprain or strain. Though they may sound similar, they are actually different in which tissues they effect. We at Mercer-Ocean Podiatry in New Jersey are committed to educating our patients about common injuries and what they can do to prevent them. If you have suffered an ankle injury, our experienced podiatrists will get you started on a treatment plan.    An ankle sprain occurs when a ligament, which stabilizes and supports your joints, is overstretched or torn. Direct or indirect trauma that knocks the joint out of position is what usually causes an ankle sprain.    Symptoms of an ankle sprain include: - Pain - Bruising - Swelling - Inflammation   An ankle strain occurs when there is trauma to a muscle or tendon, which are fibrous cords of tissue that attach muscle to bone. Repeated stress and impa

Achilles Tendonitis

If you are an active athlete, chances are you’ve experienced Achilles tendonitis before. This common and painful condition, unfortunately, takes you out of the game you love playing. We at Mercer-Ocean Podiatry, PC in New Jersey will assess the severity of your Achilles tendonitis and get you started on a treatment plan. Your experienced podiatrists, Drs. Killian and Chandrani, are committed to treating your condition as safely and efficiently as possible so that you can get back to doing what you love.    Achilles tendonitis is a sprain in the Achilles tendon which is located on the heel bone and runs up your lower leg. This tendon is necessary for walking, movement, and standing on your toes. Pain is often worse in the morning and intensifies after physical activity. It’s vitally important that as soon as you start to experience symptoms that you come in for a visit. Treatment is much more effective the earlier it is started.   Causes of Achilles tendonitis: - Aging weakens th

Diabetic Foot Care

By way of genetics or lifestyle choices over time, people with diabetes are unable to process glucose normally. Consistently high glucose levels in the body damage the nervous system and reduces sensation in your feet. Whether you regulate your glucose levels well or not, it’s still important to come in for checkups. We at Mercer-Ocean Podiatry in New Jersey encourage our diabetic patients to regularly visit one of our experienced podiatrists in order to prevent any long term issues with their feet. About 10% of Americans are diabetic. One side effect that people with diabetes often experience is reduced blood flow in their feet. Reduced blood flow increases the chances of foot injuries and bacterial infections, such as gangrene. We advise our diabetic patients to manage their glucose levels as best they can, since glucose levels in the normal range reduce the side effects of the disease. Remember to also inspect, wash, and moisturize your feel daily in addition to managing your glu

Tailor's Bunions

You’re probably familiar with bunions on the inward-facing side of the big toe. But did you know bunions can occur in other places, as well? At the offices of Mercer-Ocean Podiatry, we provide treatments for all kinds of foot deformities, including Tailor’s bunions. These less-common protuberances affect the outside of the smallest toe, and can cause a lot of trouble. Tailor’s bunions develop where one of the metatarsals, the long bones in the mid-section of the foot, meets the base of the pinky toe. As the metatarsal drifts outward, the toe bends inward, creating an inconvenient bump. Although the bunion may be caused by a bone spur, the displacement of the metatarsal is more often caused by genetics and shoes that cramp the toes. It is also likelier to develop when a person has tight calf muscles. We can reduce the discomfort from a chaffed tailor’s bunion by providing anti-inflammatory medications. These may be delivered orally or through an injection. If a case is severe, surgi